Concept of psychology in education

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Studiere Psychologie berufsbegleitend von jedem Ort aus im virtuellen Hörsaal. Profitiere vom virtuellen Austausch mit Professoren und Kommilitonen via Videochat Get Information about Our Courses at Both Undergraduate and Graduate Level. Study Sustainability, Animals, Nature, Environment, Food, Technology, Economics, Forestry Educational psychology Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn and retain knowledge, primarily in educational settings like classrooms. This includes emotional, social, and cognitive learning processes Educational psychology is the branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human learning

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Educational psychology is a specialized branch of psychology that deals with study of both behavioral and cognitive development in individuals specifically children. Major concepts of educational psychology include: Behavioral, Cognitive and Developmental. Click to see full answer. In this regard, what are concepts of psychology Educational psychology can influence programs, curricula, and lesson development, as well as classroom management approaches. For example, educators can use concepts from educational psychology to understand and address the ways rapidly changing technologies both help and harm their students' learning Educational psychology is the study of how humans learn in educational settings, the effectiveness of educational interventions, the psychology of teaching, and the social psychology of schools as organizations

Concept of educational psychology - Blog of Educatio

  1. Psychology is an intrinsic part of education and pre-service teachers often don't receive sufficient preparation in psychology, said Lucariello. At most, teacher preparation programs offer one or two courses in psychology
  2. Psychology is closely related to education. Education is the modification of behaviour in a desirable direction or in a controlled environment and psychology is the study of behaviour or science of behaviour. To modify the behaviour or to bring about some changes in the behaviour it is necessary to study the science of behaviour. Thus, education and psychology are logically related
  3. Educational Psychology Promotes Teaching and Learning Psychologists working in the field of education study how people learn and retain knowledge. They apply psychological science to improve the learning process and promote educational success for all students
  4. educational psychologists' interest in classroom learning has increased dramatically. A review of research reported in recent issues of the Journal of Educational Psychology reveals the breadth of questions investigated by educational psychologists. In 1999, the Journal of Educational Psychologyreported the results of studies investigating.
  5. istered in standardized ways. Students not only respond to the same questions they also receive the same directions and have the same time limits
  6. Five major concepts used in psychology to explain human behavior are the biological, learning, cognitive, psychoanalytic and sociocultural perspectives. A majority of psychologists take an eclectic approach, using components of all five concepts to understand and address different human behaviors

What are the concepts of educational psychology

Introduction to Educational Psychology Theory Psychology

Educational psychology involves the study of how people learn, including teaching methods, instructional processes, and individual differences in learning. The goal is to understand how people learn and retain new information Educational Psychology It deals with the behaviour of human beings in educational situations. This means that it is concerned with the study of human behaviour or the human personality, its growth, development and guidance under the social process of education Concept & meaning of educational psychology 1. MEANING AND CONCEPT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY SUBJECT FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION 2. SIR IJAZ AHMAD TATLAH Mahrukh Iftikhar (141170) Saher Akhtar (141150) PRESENTED TO:- PRESENTED BY:- 3 Psychology gives education the theory of individual differences that every child has different mental ability and learns with different pace. Today in modern era, education psychology is the foundation of education. Psychology effect education in every field of teaching learning process

Psychology in Education Boundless Psycholog

The most important psychological concepts for teachers to

Part II, Concepts in Educational Psychology, synthesizes the results of an analysis of the body of current psychological literature. Part III, Concepts in Adult Education, attempts to: (1) identify concepts in adult education that are considered relevant to the role of extension educators, and (2) provide a framework for either selecting. concept maps in educational psychology courses and highlight what we see as the benefits and challenges of this method. Theoretical Framework . Concept mapping grew out of Ausubel's (1977) conceptualization of meaningful verbal learning as the cornerstone to human cognition Impact of psychology concepts in an education or work setup Psychology concepts, when exploited in a good manner can be used to impact the educational and working sectors positively. These concepts include different types of intelligence theories as well as different types of behavioral concepts. All these relevant theories and concepts will be.

As he reinforces the concept with different angles, the brain is better able to organize the information. Trying to hit all of the points in one explanation will overwhelm most students. This tip has been confirmed throughout the years in literature on educational psychology. 13. Proper Method For The Materia 18-05-2021. Teachers and researchers in positive psychology are natural allies. At its core, education is about nurturing strengths, about growth and learning. Furthermore, psychological and social well-being are key concerns for teachers and other educators and for people working in the field of positive psychology. (Shankland & Rosset. When considering the best approach to helping students learn, teachers may call upon learning theories to support their educational pursuits. Read on to discover the five main educational theories and three supplemental theories that can make a big difference in how students learn Educational psychology is one of the most developed and widespread branches of psychology in the world because of its theoretical and practical importance in the educational process. Educational psychology takes advantage of the theories and principles available in other branches of psychology, such as growth psychology, social psychology, cognitive psychology, counseling psychology, and others

  1. Educational psychology is the applied branch of psychology. It consist of the application of psychological principles and techniques to human behavior in educational situations to the development of educational strategies and programs, problems and solutions. This areas studies the abilities needs and motivational forces, like self-concept.
  2. Today educational psychology is a vital discipline that is contributing to the education of teachers and learners. For example, Jerome Bruner, an enduring figure in educational psychology, recently noted the need to rethink our ideas of development, teaching, and learning and the interactions among them
  3. The Importance Of Educational Psychology. 1722 Words7 Pages. 1.1. Introduction: Education is the process of facilitating learning or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, and even habits and, it doesn 't depend only on schools. Education opens a new possibilities that couldn 't have existed in societies without it
  4. Social psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with how social influences affect how people think, feel, and act. The way we perceive ourselves in relation to the rest of the world plays an important role in our choices, behaviors, and beliefs
  5. Educational psychology has contributed considerably to the creation of the modern system of education. The knowledge of educational psychology helps the teacher in the following ways: 1. To understand the Stages of Development: Psychology has clearly shown that human life passes through different stages of development before it reaches adulthood

Educational psychology is the scientific field concerned with applying psychological theories and concepts to the understanding and improvement of teaching and learning in formal educational settings. In simpler terms, it is concerned with the study of how students learn and how teachers can help them to learn effectively Concept. A mental grouping of similar things, events, and people that is used to remember and understand what things are, what they mean, and what categories or groups they belong to. For example, if I say to you, think of a car, the concept, car will evoke some ideas in your head about what a car is and what types of characteristics it.

Educational Psychology Promotes Teaching and Learnin

  1. Put another way, there are concepts in the field that students of psychology regularly find difficult to understand. Following is a list of 10 psychological concepts that students regularly.
  2. Adjustment. · Adjustment is the process through which a person tries to strike balance between his requirements (need, desires, and urges) and varying life situations. · Webster: adjustment is the establishment of a satisfactory relationship, as representing harmony, conformance, adaptation or the like
  3. Education can shape an individual's life, both in the classroom and outside of it. A quality education can lay the groundwork for a successful career, but that's far from its only purpose

Herbart was one of the first to: a. apply a mathematical model to psychology b. use the concept of threshold c. claim that some ideas were innate d. propose an experimental science of psychology. Abstract. There is no commonly accepted definition for the term concept in psychology, as with all psychological terms. Some definitions are, simply, unacceptable. A concept consists of a set of objects, symbols or events (referents) which have been grouped together because they share some common characteristics (Merril & Wood, 1974, p. 19) Psychology is the study of the mind, how it works, and how it might affect behavior. or how to set up educational programs to boost learning. emotions, personality, self-concept, and. Motivations, Theories and Research for Educational Psychology. Motivation is an internal state that activates, guides and sustains behavior. Educational psychology research on motivation is concerned with the volition or will that students bring to a task, their level of interest and intrinsic motivation, the personally held goals that guide.

Educational Psychology is defined as the study of human behavior in educational situations. Educational psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of human behavior. Educational psychology consists of two words 'Education' and 'Psychology'. Educational is a process of learning whereas psychology is the study of human behavior FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION - Psychology of Education The concept of distributed intelligence in Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligences. By O'Niel Tobias MA, B.Ed. (Hons.), Dip. P.A., Dip. S.A. Theatre Arts Educator 2 Multiple Intelligences Reason, intelligence, logic, knowledge are not synomous., -Howard Gardner The three learning. Educational psychology. The study of the process of education, e.g., how people, especially children, learn and which teaching methods and materials are most successful. Educational psychology departments in many universities provide training to educators, school psychologists, and other educational professionals psychology, sports and performance psychology, educational psychology) and work in various settings (e.g. public health, corrections services, health promotion, academia). 1 Along with OHS BoK The Human: As a Biological System, and OHS BoK The Human: Principles of Social Interactio

Basic concepts Educational Psycholog

The humanistic theory in education. In history humanistic psychology is an outlook or system of thought that focuses on human beings rather than supernatural or divine insight. This system stresses that human beings are inherently good, and that basic needs are vital to human behaviors. Humanistic psychology also focuses on finding rational. Social Psychology of Education draws from the disciplines of psychology, sociology, and education in order to help us better understand human behavior in education. The journal fills a gap in the literature by covering a wide variety of content concerns (e.g., classroom instruction, student cultures and interactions), theoretical interests (e.g., group dynamics, social learning theory), and. Yuriy V. Karpov, Graduate School of Education and Psychology, Touro College, New York, New York concepts to different educational frameworks, review research on specific classroom applications of sociocultural ideas, and attend to the diversity of learners and learning situations. The book has four clearly define Understand concept of educational psychology, intelligence, personality, perceptions, emotions, frustration, motivation, teaching and learning b) Practical By the end of practical exercises, students will, be able to i. Acquaint with characteristics of rural society, village institutions and socia What is Educational Psychology? Educational psychology is a sub-discipline of psychology that specifically studies on human learning. It explores a variety of themes such as motivation, conditioning, memory, intelligence, cognition, etc. Educational psychologists are interested in studying the learning processes of individuals in different settings, under different circumstances through their.

Psychology is the study of people's behavior, performance, and mental operations. It also refers to the application of the knowledge, which can be used to understand events, treat mental health issues, and improve education, employment, and relationships. The subject lies at the intersection of applied, educational, and theoretical science Concepts in Psychology and Educational Research STEPHEN M. STIGLER University of Chicago This essay examines the historical roots of the link between statistics and psychology, exploring the manner in which the conceptual framework for the application of probability in psychological research was created by experimental design

What Are the Five Basic Concepts of Psychology

Concept maps allow students (and the instructor) to see how their conceptions change over time. Two recommended concept mapping tools are Inspiration and IHMC Concept Mapping Software or C-Map. Concept maps created in C-Map can be shared across a network. C-Map is a free download, and Inspiration can be downloaded for a free 30-day trial After having a discussion on the various issues of psychology, let us now deal with one of the important components of psychology i.e. intelligence. In this unit, we are going to discuss the concept of intelligence, its characteristics, its various types and tests and the theories that give us insight into the real meaning of intelligence and.

Educational Psychology of the Vedas All deeds originate form thoughts. Pure thoughts result in constructive deeds, while impure thoughts result in destructive acts. Man is made by what he thinks. Hence true education, as per the Vedas, is to develop a pure mind, to cultivate virtues and to entertain good wishes for all beings of the world, as. PSYCHOLOGY OF EDUCATION. Purpose: Education and training policies for example South African Schools Act (SASA), White Paper 6 and the Screening, Identification, Assessment and Support (SIAS) policy documents require teachers to have specialised skills in order to render teaching and learning support The second notion is that learning is an active rather than a passive process. The passive view of teaching views the learner as 'an empty vessel' to be filled with knowledge, whereas constructivism states that learners construct meaning only through active engagement with the world (such as experiments or real-world problem solving) Paulo Freire was a Brazilian ideologist whose radical ideas have shaped the modern concept of and approaches to education. In his essay The 'Banking' Concept of Education, Freire passionately expounds on the mechanical flaw in the current system, and offers an approach that he believes medicates the learning-teaching disorder in the classroom.The flawed conception, Freire explains, is the.

Understand the concept of Educational Psychology: Syllabus & PYQs with UPSC CSE - Optional course curated by Dev Shree on Unacademy. The Psychology Optional course is delivered in Hinglish This article makes a theoretical contribution to social psychology of education by applying Johan Asplund's social psychological theory to the educational context. More specifically, the article discusses how the question of purpose of education (Biesta in Educ Assess Eval Account 21(1):33-46, 2009; God utbildning i mätningens tidevarv [Good education in the age of measurement] 65,798 psychology stock photos are available royalty-free. Psychology or invent conception. Brain function model. Psychology or invent conception. Brain or mind function model. Concept of psychology and philosophy symbol and power of mind. Concept of psychology and philosophy. Happiness concept, psychology of happy people Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, morals, beliefs, and habits.Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion and directed research.Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, however learners can also educate themselves.Education can take place in formal or informal settings and.

In this course, Govind Saini will cover Education Psychology || Child Development for REET L-1. The course will be helpful for the aspirants preparing for REET l-1and 2. All the topics will be discussed starting from scratch. The course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will be provided in Hindi DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.696987 Corpus ID: 236477146. Impact of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education in a University Under Personality Psychology Education Concept on Talent Training and Cultural Diversity of New Entrepreneur A better understanding of all these concepts makes it easier for educators to know how to create materials with the most significant impact. The Constructivist Perspective. The constructivist perspective in educational psychology is relatively newer, with a focus on children's active construction of their world knowledge..

Extrinsic Motivation Psychology

While education is an essential need in an individuals life, the effectiveness of their education and the processing of information impacts the quality of education. While each learner is unique educational psychology attempts to understand teaching and learning from a psychological perspective Educational Psychology covers theories of behavior, learning and instruction and research on human ontological development, and it's one of the many courses taught in UT Permian Basin's online MA in special education program. In our online program, you'll learn how to apply these concepts to the classroom. Additional program courses that. Teaching theories: educational psychology Traditional theories Mental-discipline theories. The earliest mental-discipline theories of teaching were based on a premise that the main justification for teaching anything is not for itself but for what it trains—intelligence, attitudes, and values.By choosing the right material and by emphasizing rote methods of learning, according to that theory.

Sensorimotor: 0-2, learns through reflex, senses, and movement, imitate others and remember events, shifts to symbolic thinking, reflexive actions to intentional actions; Pre-operational: talking age to about 7, develops language and symbol usage, thinks in the present, logical linear thought, ego-centric point of view; Concrete operational: begins about first grade to 11, logically think. Key concepts. The key concepts in psychology are best understood by researching what determines human and non-human behaviour. Psychologists pose a variety of theories to explain the degree to which biological factors are primary influences or whether environmental and ecological factors provide better explanations Educational Psychology. Educational psychologists study factors that impact learning, including learning methods and how information is processed and absorbed. Memory, concepts, and individual differences all affect how a person learns. In researching these processes, psychologists apply theories of human development to better understand how to. Psychotherapist Carl Rogers (1902-1987) born in Illinois, USA is well known for being the founder of 'Humanistic Psychology'. Believing that therapy should be client centred. Rogers initially studied theology, but later moved towards a more educational aspect of psychology. Throughout his life, Rogers studied at a number of institutes including the University of Wisconsin and Union Theological.

MY CONCEPT OF EDUCATION. According to Dewey, education is the process of facilitating learning, knowledge acquisition, and the gaining of skills, values, beliefs and habits (Dewey, 1944). Thus ascertaining that this could be an enlightening experience. Generally, one can attest to this in context and approach Exceptional children are those who deviate significantly from the normal ones. · Telford and Sawery (1977):-The term exceptional children refers to those children who deviate from the normal in physical, mental, emotional or social characteristics to such degree that they require special social and educational services to develop their maximum capacity Psychologists use the term concept formation, or concept learning, to refer to the development of the ability to respond to common features of categories of objects or events.Concepts are mental categories for objects, events, or ideas that have a common set of features. Concepts allow us to classify objects and events. In learning a concept, you must focus on the relevant features and ignore.

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Educational Psychology: Meaning, Scope and Method

Education and cognitive psychology have tended to pursue parallel rather than overlapping paths. Yet there is, or should be, considerable common ground, since both have major interests in learning and memory. CONCEPT FORMATION: Experts possess both abstract proto-typical information about categories and an extensive set of separate. Furthermore, the learning-styles concept is embraced in a number of current educational psychology textbooks. For instance, Omrod (2008) wrote, Some cognitive styles and dispositions do seem to influence how and what students learn.

General Concepts of Psychology - SlideShar

  1. There are many concepts in psychology that we use badly. This could be due to inexperience, lack of knowledge, or for cultural reasons. Most errors have to do with the tendency to consider and use certain words as if they were synonyms, when in fact they are not.. Therefore, although some of these words are closely related, it is important to know precisely how they differ in meaning
  2. Many difficult concepts can be made easy and interesting by the use of audio-visual teaching aids. The knowledge of psychology is necessary to plan and teaching aids appropriately. (c) Co-curricular activities. Education is to have all-round development of the child. The curricular exercise develops only cognitive aspects of j the child
  3. Positive psychology in practice: Promoting human flourishing in work, health, education, and everyday life (2nd ed.). Wiley. Košir, K., & Tement, S. (2014). Teacher-student relationship and academic achievement: A cross-lagged longitudinal study on three different age groups. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 29(3), 409-428

Meaning, Nature and Scope of Educational Psychology John

Study Educational Psychology sets on Quizlet for free. Learn what you need to get good grades in your classes. Memorize important Educational Psychology terms, definitions, studies and concepts. Prepare for Educational Psychology homework and exams with Quizlet's free online flashcards, diagrams, study guides and practice tests See also educational psychology above. (courses in counseling, psychological testing, developmental psychology, and education are valuable) Social psychology is the study of attitudes, social perception and cognition, interpersonal relations, interpersonal interactions, and social and cultural factors affecting human behavior. (PS 241, 305 & 308 Key concepts discussed include teachers' attitudes and behavior, different types of learning, technology in education, forgetting and extinction, child development, and intelligence measurements. Also covered are the assessment of educational achievement, the social psychology of the classroom, and education in urban schools COLLEGE OF EDUCATION COLLEGE OF EDUCATION EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for. Summer Quarter 2021; Autumn Quarter 2021; EDPSY 302 Child Development and Learning (5) I&S Uses readings, discussions, naturalistic observations, and virtual children to understand the different ways children develop - physically, cognitively, social-emotionally, in. Concept Learning: This form of learning is associated with higher order cognitive processes like intelligence, thinking, reasoning, etc, which we learn right from our childhood. Concept learning involves the processes of abstraction and generalization, which is very useful for identifying or recognizing things

What Is Educational Psychology? - Verywell Min

  1. 1 Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Granada, Melilla, Spain; 2 Early Childhood and Primary Education School Pedro de Estopiñán, Melilla, Spain; A review of the scientific literature shows that many studies have analyzed the relationship between academic achievement and different psychological constructs, such as self-concept, personality, and.
  2. Impact Statement. School Psychology's commitment and mission to advance research, practice, policy and advocacy for education continues. In light of recurrent tragedies, we have a sharpened focus to reduce systemic racism and inequities in schools and communities across our nation
  3. (1997). Key Concepts of Community Psychology: Implications for Consulting in Educational and Human Service Settings. Journal of Educational and Psychological Consultation: Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 111-133
  4. Educational Psychology as a discipline advances principles of teaching and learning that influence teacher-student behavior within the context of the curriculum. This is because psychology is the unifying element in the learning process. The learners' self concept and self esteem are considered essential factors in learning

Journal of Educational Psychology, 80, 366-380. In article View Article [3] Marsh, H. W. (2005). Self-concept theory, measurement and research into practice: the role of self-concept in educational psychology. Leicester, UK: Education Section of the British Psychological Society. In article [4 PSYCHOLOGY SECONDARY COURSE 69 Mental Health and Hygiene 19 MENTAL HELATH AND HYGIENE You may be quite aware about the term health . We generally understand it in terms of effective physical condition or functioning of the body. When we use the concept of health with reference to mind we use the term mental health . In fact we nee Teaching is an intimate contact between a more mature personality and a less mature one. It includes teaching to base itself on facts and experiences to realize itself in rational knowledge grounded in principles. QUALITIES OF A GOOD TEACHER Respect for the students maturity and sense of responsibilities

Concept & meaning of educational psycholog

psychology education at Japanese universities. In Japan, students taking introductory psychology courses may experience difficulty in grasping the core concepts of academic psychology because they have a preconceived association between psychology and the concept of or . Introductory students are seldom taught i Here I report on the contributions of Jerome S. Bruner with regard to concept attainment. Dr. Bruner, a pyschologist and educator at the New York University Law School, was a pioneer in the Cognitive Revolution in Psychology as well as a prime mover in the educational reform movement in the 1960s

Concept mapping is a technique for visualizing the relationships between different concepts.A concept map is a diagram showing the relationships between concepts. Concepts are connected with labelled arrows, in a downward-branching hierarchical structure. The relationship between concepts is articulated in linking phrases, e.g., gives rise to, results in, is required by, or contributes to Main article: Concept formation Concept learning, also known as concept attainment, is largely based on the works of the cognitive psychologist Jerome Bruner.Bruner, Goodnow, & Austin (1967) defined concept attainment (or concept learning) as the search for and listing of attributes that can be used to distinguish exemplars from non exemplars of various categories The Concept of Activity in Soviet Psychology. Professor and Chair Department of Education James V Wertsch. M.E. Sharpe, 1981 - Psychology - 441 pages. 0 Reviews. An anthology of Chinese writings drawn from the late-1980s Maoist revival in mainland China. Illustrated with photographs and drawings, these selections are introduced and annnotated.

Psychology 2e is designed to meet scope and sequence requirements for the single-semester introduction to psychology course. The book offers a comprehensive treatment of core concepts, grounded in both classic studies and current and emerging research. The text also includes coverage of the DSM-5 in examinations of psychological disorders Educational Psychologist: The scholarly essays, reviews, critiques, and theoretical and conceptual articles featured in this exceptional journal contribute to understanding issues, problems, and research concerning all aspects of educational psychology. From meta-analyses of studies probing the effectiveness of teaching methods to historical. Concepts define what products or services the organization will offer and the methods and processes for conducting business. These goals, values, and concepts make up the organization's personality or how the organization is observed by both outsiders and insiders. This personality defines the roles, relationships, rewards, and rites that take. Education is a broad concept, referring to all the experiences in which learners can learn something.It is a social endeavor designed to get the maximum from the ability of each of the member of the society .Education is covers both the teaching and learning of knowledge, values 1924 B.A. with distinction from Samuel Houston College in Education Masters in Educational Psychology from the University of Colorado 1933 Ph.D. Educational Psychology from the University of Cincinnati. Landmarks Taught education at Tillotson College in Austin Texas. 1921-1930 became Dean and Registrar at Tillotson College

The self-concept construct is one of the oldest in psychology and is used widely in many disciplines. Despite its popularity, reviews prior to the 1980s typically emphasized the lack of theoretical basis in most studies, the poor quality of measurement instruments, methodological shortcomings, and a general lack of consistent findings except, perhaps, support for the null hypothesis. This. In Russia, Vygotsky's works in the field of special education and psychology have been crucial for the establishment of methodology in special educational practice. In international research literature, Vygotsky`s view on disability, his theoretical and methodological concepts regarding special education, have largely escaped attention British Journal of Educational Psychology; British Journal of Health Psychology; British Journal of Psychology; British Journal of Social Psychology; British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology; Journal of Neuropsychology; Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology; Legal and Criminological Psychology Remaking the Concept of Aptitude: Extending the Legacy of Richard E. Snow (Educational Psychology Series) [Lyn Corno, Lee J. Cronbach, Haggai Kupermintz, David F. Lohman, Ellen B. Mandinach, Ann W. Porteus, Joan E. Talbert] on Amazon.com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Remaking the Concept of Aptitude: Extending the Legacy of Richard E. Snow (Educational Psychology Series

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Curriculum can be considered in terms of subject matter (Mathematics,Science,English,History and so on) or content. Curricularists view curriculum as a four-step plan involving 'purpose.design.implementation. / and assessment' the goal of the curriculum worker is to see that the intent of a paln.[is] carried out to the [fulest] degree possibl Figure 2: SEE-IT Card Examples for Social Studies and Language Arts . When students elaborate on their understanding of concepts, it presents an opportunity to correct any lingering misunderstandings concepts and principles that emerged presented a coherent picture of how a well-managed setting is created. Two key principles follow: (a) good management is preventive rather than reactive, and (b) teachers help create well-man-aged classrooms by identifying and teaching desirable be-haviors to their students. At the beginning of the schoo